Mustafa Balbay : Impressions of Italy


CaesarWe had the pleasure of enjoying a magnificent view while traveling by road from Florence, the birthplace of the Renaissance, to Rome, founded by the . The only hurdles were the tunnels, which at times lasted for minutes. The picturesque mountains and fertile plains of Tuscany competed with each other.

Approaching Rome Basil The guide called out:

– We are currently passing through the region of Capua, where Spartacus is kept as a slave-gladiator!

At that moment, the trees around, the clouds in the sky became flesh and bone, Spartacus it looked like. I took a random photo of the surroundings from the bus, as if Spartacus was in front of me.

Spartacus, who rebelled against slavery in Rome in the 1st century BC, is still the symbol of the struggle against injustice, although he was defeated. There are values ​​that are worth defeating while fighting for them!


17 centuries after Spartacus, again in Italy, this time those who say no to the bondage of the brain, not the body, appear on the scene.

Renaissance philosopher, concerned with many fields from philosophy to astronomy Giordano BrunoHe was burned to death on February 17, 1600, for not giving up on expressing his thoughts. Campo de’ Fiori square in Rome, walking distance from the Fountain of Love, is where Bruno was cremated four centuries ago. The Italians erected a statue of Bruno several times the size of a normal human being in the middle of this square. He looks at him with a determined expression, the book in his hand. One of the last words of Bruno, who continued his scientific research without succumbing to the pressures of the Inquisition, was:

“I neither like to hide the truth nor am afraid to express it openly!”

Those who take pictures in front of the statue usually take a book and hold it like Bruno. We followed the tradition.

“Father of Science” Galileo GalileoAttempting to silence…

The architect of secular thought wrote heaven-hell decades before the Renaissance Danteexile from Florence…

They are part of the history of Italy. While the Italians were proud of their great people who influenced not only themselves but also the whole world, they also learned from the persecution of them and opened it up for discussion instead of hiding it.

While visiting Italy, where more than 100 thousand archaeological sites, points and monuments are located, and where the most important pages of the history of science are written, the concept of a museum also changes. Because the streets and main squares of all historical cities, especially Florence, are like museums.

The city of Bologna, where the first university in the world today was founded in the 11th century “red city” known as. This color dominates all over the city. CopernicanOne loses the concept of age while wandering around the first buildings where .

There are many examples to be given for the struggle of women in Italy. Let’s share one. The Papacy is a man’s job! In the 9th century, a woman undressed for it. She looked like a boy from the age of 12. She’s up to the papacy. 8. She went into papal history as Joan. After this stage, it is different. According to a powerful account, she falls in love with a man in her service and gives birth. She manages to hide the truth until birth, but at birth everything is revealed. He’s being killed.

Popes after that date, “testicular control” after he started his job. For this, a special chair with a hole in the middle was produced. Of course, no touching! It’s okay if the Pope’s testicles dangle from there!


When Italy is mentioned, there are hundreds of people whose names should be mentioned. But Machiavelliyou of course not. Machiavelli, who did not translate into Turkish with very positive examples, is actually a writer, politician, thinker who has read society and politics very well. The best example in our Turkish is Prof. Dr. Necdet AdabagTranslation from the Italian original.

If we had to reduce the state history of Italy to a sentence, it can be said:

Struggles for Italian unity.

This is the subject of separate articles. Machiavelli describes the critical juncture while describing how the Roman Empire collapsed:

The day he left guarding his borders to mercenaries!

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