Translation: Burçin Uysal
With the start of the new year, activity began in the sky. According to the statements, a meteor shower is expected in the sky on January 3 and 4. In addition, 10 sky events are expected in 2023. Twitter at NASA JPL “The beginning of 2023 looks bright” He announced the events that will take place in the sky with video sharing.
One of the celestial events that will take place in the first months of the year is the comet’s closest point to the Sun on January 12.
So what happens when a comet comes closest to the Sun? Here is the answer…
As the comet approaches the Sun, increasing rates of outgassing cause the coma to expand, and sunlight ionizes the gases in the coma. A bow shock occurs when the solar wind passes through this ion coma.
According to NASA astronomers, the comet will reach its closest point to the Sun on January 12, and then make its closest approach to Earth on February 2.
UNKNOWNS OF THE GOAT
served at NASA JPL and “Comets are notorious for their uncertainty” said Preston Dyches, “But if this comet continues to shine, it will be easy to see it with binoculars, and even in a dark sky we may be able to see it with the naked eye without any tools.” made a statement.
So why comets are described as obscure…
Comets are asteroid-like celestial bodies usually composed of ice, dust, and rocks. Comets come from beyond the orbit of Neptune and, like many asteroids and meteoroids, co-existed with the Solar system about 4.6 billion years ago.
Actually, comets are “star” They are not and have nothing to do with the stars directly (just as meteorites are not “stellar shooting”).
When viewed from the sky, they look just like a star with a tail. So much so that the tail of some very faint ones is impossible to see with the naked eye, so they will only look like a faint star.
Comets continue to orbit the Sun in elliptical orbits until their volatile material has completely evaporated. Although we can observe Halley’s comet every 75 years, we will have to wait another 106,000 years to see the Panstarrs comet (C/2011L4) observed in 2013 next time… If we can wait…
The comet, which has gotten brighter since it was first discovered, now passes in front of the northern constellation Corona Borealis at early morning dusk. NASA shared a photo of the comet taken by an independent astrophotographer on December 19, 2022. In the photo, the comet was noted to have a greenish sphere, a short dust tail, and a long, faint gas tail.
Here is that photo:
diches, “This comet is not predicted to be as spectacular as the NEOWISE comet we saw in 2020, but it’s still a great opportunity to have a personal relationship with this visitor from the far corner of our solar system.” said.
The NEOWISE that Dyches mentioned was the brightest comet seen since comet Hale-Bopp.
SOME SKY EVENT EXPECTED TO OCCUR IN THE NEXT 12 MONTHS
According to the statements made by astronomers, many events will take place in 2023. Here are the 10 must-see events that await the world in the next 12 months:
1: BRIGHT COAT
Last recorded in 2020 and ‘brightest comet’ NEOWISE, called NEOWISE, looks set to change in 2023. A new comet expected to be seen in January and February has been recorded so far. ‘brightest’ expected to be a comet.
While it is said that the comet, which must be seen, will shine as it approaches the Sun on January 12, 2023, it has been announced that the Earth will be able to see this shine on February 1.
2: JUPITER AND VENUS CONCRETE
It is also expected to meet on some planets during the year. One of these conjunctions is the conjunction of Jupiter and Venus. People will have the chance to see this meeting, which is expected to be seen on March 2, 2023, only as the width of a finger.
3: CRESCENT MOON AND JUPITER
Just before daylight on May 17, 2023, the Moon will pass over Jupiter. This event will be visible from parts of America and Europe, but only those with powered telescopes will be able to witness it. This will not happen again until 2026.
4: METAST RAIN
The northern hemisphere’s most popular meteor shower is expected to occur in 2023. Known for its bright and fast-moving meteors, meteorites are caused by Comet Swift-Tuttle, which orbits the Sun approximately every 133 years.
The expected meteor showers in 2023 are as follows:
- Lyrid meteor shower on Saturday-Sunday, April 22-23
- 20-21 October Friday-Saturday Orionid meteor shower
- 17-18 November Friday-Saturday Leonid meteor shower
- Gemini meteor shower on Wednesday-Thursday, December 13-14
5: BRIGHTEST “BLUE SUPER MOON”
in four techniques in 2023 “super moon” expected, but it’s also the biggest, brightest, and best “Blue Moon” will be. The full moon at the end of August, “Blue Moon” will be named.
6: ‘GREAT WEST RING OF FIRE’ IN THE USA
This year, according to astronomers, North America will experience the golden age of solar eclipses. in 2023, “ring of Fire” An annular solar eclipse, also called an annular solar eclipse, will be visible in many parts of the United States.
Here are the places and seconds to see the ‘Great Western Ring of Fire Eclipse’ in America:
- Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah (2 minutes 15 seconds)
- Canyonlands National Park, Utah (2 minutes 24 seconds)
- Chaco Culture National Historic Park, New Mexico (4 minutes 42 seconds)
- Crater Lake National Park, Oregon (4 minutes 19 seconds)
- Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado (2 minutes 58 seconds)
- Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah (4 minutes 28 seconds)
7: WRAPPED OF THE BIELA Comet Slams into the Earth
Comet Biela is a periodic comet of the Jupiter family, first recorded by Montaigne and Charles Messier in 1772, and finally described as periodic by Wilhelm Von Biela in 1826.
Comet Bela, which was later observed to split in two, was not seen again after 1852. Its remains were thought to have been destroyed for some time, though it seemed to have survived a meteor shower as andromedids. But by 2023, a rare fraction of what’s left of the so-called Andromedids meteor shower is thought to be visible, as around 60 “shooting stars” are expected to become visible per hour.
Source: Forbes, Mashable, Foxweather, NASA JPL