longest reigning monarch in British history Queen Elizabeth IIHis son Charles III became the new king of England after he died at the age of 96 at Balmoral Castle in Scotland.
However, the British Royal Family, trying to keep up with the conditions of the changing world after the Queen, seems to work hard to survive at a time when the monarchy is questioned and its influence in the society is gradually decreasing.
So, in recent years Commonwealth of NationsThe Republican and independent orientation that developed in the Commonwealth began to gain strength. Last month, Native Australian Senator Lidia Thorpe’s “colonial” expression towards Queen Elizabeth II made a big impact in the parliamentary oath.
However, the Caribbean island country of Barbados, under the Queen’s command, declared a Republic, Jamaica emphatically declared that it was an “independent” country, and a number of Caribbean and Asian countries did not want to recognize the British Royal Family. It strengthens the odds that his community may disintegrate.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, who visited Tuvalu, a Polynesian country consisting of nine coral islands in the Pacific Ocean in 1982, were carried on their shoulders. Photo: Alamy
THE QUEEN IS THE MORTAR KEEPING THE MONARCHY AND THE COMMONWEALTH TOGETHER
Queen Elizabeth II, who ascended the throne in 1952, also inherited the former colonial policy of the British Empire. The image of the Empire, which is associated with slavery, occupation and plunder in Africa and Asia, has not been erased even today. These include the smuggling of statues and historical artifacts from West African countries, the stealing of gold and diamonds from South Africa and India, all kinds of persecution, oppression and the slave trade of indigenous peoples.
Movements for independence by millions of people who were reluctantly under the imperial crown were violently suppressed over the years, and political crises were resolved by “showing a stick under a cloak”.
In this sense, Queen Elizabeth II was a ruler who did not hesitate to use skillful diplomacy and military power when necessary to solve many political problems in her 70 years of power practice. Therefore, Queen Elizabeth II, thanks to her unwavering belief in the future of the monarchy and her absolute authority, brought the Commonwealth of Nations together to the present day.
In short, Queen Elizabeth II acted as a strong mortar that held the monarchy and the Commonwealth of Nations together by staying in the background when necessary and taking drastic measures when necessary.
OLD COLONITS WANT BACK WHAT STOLEN FROM THEM
So, how long can the monarchy survive after the death of the Queen, whose authority holds the monarchy and the Commonwealth together?
So much so that Gaston Browne, the head of state of the island country of Antigua and Barbuda in the Caribbean, announced that after the death of Queen Elizabeth II, they did not want to pledge allegiance to the new King and that a referendum could be held within three years to declare the Republic.
No longer wanting to swear allegiance to the Queen or the King, some of the islands in the Caribbean Sea declared independence in the 1960s, but Elizabeth II did not relinquish her status as head of state.
In the article we prepared a few days ago about what changes will happen after Queen Elizabeth II, the Commonwealth of Nations King Charles IIIWe mentioned that you may not recognize him. In addition, if the “Caribbean Community” as a whole demands to leave the union, it may be inevitable that the political crisis will grow into a domino effect and plunge the British Royal Family into a serious stalemate.
Apart from these developments, some of England’s former colonies are preparing to re-discuss the dark legacy of the monarchy, its crimes and sovereign rights. Finally, the colonies in South Asia, which had lived under the shadow of the Empire for many years, claimed 400 million dollars in the hands of the Royal Family, which they claimed were stolen from them. dollar He wants his precious diamonds back.
The 109-carat Kuh-i Nur apple, located on the British Crown and believed to be the most expensive diamond in the world. Photo: Alamy
THE DIAMOND THAT BRINGS BAD LUCK TO MEN IS IN THE HANDS OF THE NEW KING
Indigenous peoples living under the 200-year yoke of British colonialists claim that their booty was taken from them by force. One of them is the 109-carat Kuh-i Nur apple, which is located on the royal crown and is believed to be the most expensive diamond in the world.
It is said that the Kuh-i Nur apple, which means “Mountain of Light”, was extracted from the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and changed hands between Hindu, Rajput, Mughal, Iran, Afghan, Sikh and finally the Kingdom of England in wars throughout history.
Kuh-i Nur, believed to bring bad luck to men and good luck to women, was captured by the British East India Company from Duleep Singh in 1850. When Queen Victoria was declared the Queen of India in 1877, the diamond passed into the Royal Family. Worn by generations of English queens, the diamond was finally placed atop the Crown.
The crown with the Kuh-i Nur diamond, now considered the property of the Royal Family and displayed in the Tower of London, will soon be carried by Camilla, the wife of King Charles III.
The Queen of England watches Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo waving a white cloth, a symbol of peace, during the opening session of the Commonwealth Summit in Abuja, Nigeria.
INDIA’S $45 TRILLION INTO THE ENGLAND’S POCKET
In a study conducted by the Indian Marxist economist Utsa Patnaik, who has studied the British Economic History in depth and has published studies in this field, it has been claimed that England seized a fortune of approximately 45 trillion dollars from India between 1765 and 1938.
South African writer Sipho Hlongwane: “Yes, colonialism in the West may be a thing of the past. But colonialism remains our reality today.”
It is stated that this wealth transfer was made through tax and trade through the East India Company (DHŞ) operating in the region of the colonial British Empire. After this venture, which lasted until 1938, a wealth of 45 trillion dollars was accumulated, which is 17 times more than the total annual gross domestic product of the UK today.
However, it is stated that the value of the precious stones that were forcibly confiscated in the colonized lands is invaluable. Making statements about Kuh-i Nur, the British Royal Family states that the diamond was given to them as a gift. However, at least four countries (India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran) argue that this diamond was looted by Imperial forces and should be returned.
2. Elizabeth greets the Honor Guard in Nigeria, where she went to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.
‘THIS DIAMOND TELLS A LOT OF THINGS ABOUT COLONIALISM’
Indian MP Shashi Tharoor, who demanded the return of the Kuh-i Nur apple, said, “England owes us. But instead of returning this diamond, which is proof of their greed, to its rightful owners, they are showing off by putting it on the crown in the Tower of London.”
The Jewel in the Crown In his 1966 novel by Paul Scott, the author of the book (Jewel on the Crown), he described how the British Crown took possession of the jewel. Author, “This diamond is a clear reminder of what colonialism really is: subjugation, tyranny and theft!” had used the words.
With the death of the Queen, people in Africa and South Asia want the precious stones and mines taken from their lands by the British to be returned to them. So much so that, in poverty-stricken South Africa, most of the country’s lucrative mines are still controlled by British companies, with laws dating back to the years of British occupation.
At the time Elizabeth II was born, the British empire ruled 412 million people, or about a quarter of the world’s population. While Queen Elizabeth II was not born at the height of British colonial policy, during her reign in the 1950s and ’70s, Her Majesty’s government conducted some covert operations to keep the monarchy safe.
QUEEN CLEARS THE EMPIRE WITH OPERATION LEGACY
Operation Legacy, jointly conducted by the Internal Intelligence and Security agency (MI5) and Her Majesty’s government from 1950 to 1960, was a work carried out by a British Colonial Office (later the Foreign Office) to prevent the recovery of valuable assets and privileges taken from the former colonies.
Cameroon army soldiers of the British Commonwealth of Nations parade…
The operation, initiated by Queen Elizabeth II herself, so that she would not be confronted with her past actions and not be tried for crimes committed, included the destruction of all secret documents kept by the colonial administrations. The 8,800-page document, which was collected after a secret investigation launched in at least 23 countries and regions in the 1950s and 1960s, and which was used as evidence of various crimes, was immediately destroyed.
Kenyan writer and activist Shailja Patel stated that when Queen Elizabeth II died, many broadcasting organizations, especially social media users, took action to make her personality a legend. Stating that the reality is the opposite, Patel said, “What the British did in Kenya, they did it all over the world. “The history of the empire, nurtured by lies and myths, is just beginning to emerge.” Britain acknowledged the tortures and massacres it committed during the Mau Mau Uprising in the 1950s and apologized for the tortures.
Some of the destroyed files are thought to be documents related to the slave trade carried out by the East India Company, while others are thought to cover massacres perpetrated by the British Army during the Mau Mau Uprising that took place on Kenyan soil between 1952 and 1960.
Apart from this, the Nandi Resistance of 1895-1905; 1913-1914 Giriama Uprising; It is claimed that documents detailing the torture methods used against dissidents in the rebellions against forced labor in Murang’a in 1947 were also destroyed.
‘WHY ARE WE TAKING Oath of Allegiance to a Sovereign in LONDON?’
When it comes to today, the bitter experiences brought by colonial policies and the decreasing influence of the monarchy in the eyes of the nations lead to the emergence of pro-independence movements.
Over the years, anger at the monarchy has increased, as governors appointed by the Queen’s government have scolded and occasionally dismissed members of Parliament elected by the people.
For example, the dismissal of Prime Minister Gough Whitlam by the governor appointed to Australia in 1975 aroused great indignation.
It is not even clear whether King Charles III, who ascended the throne today, will be recognized by countries such as Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
What is certain is that the powerful mortar that held the monarchy and the Commonwealth together is now exhausted. For this reason, it is possible that the independence movements against the new ruler will result in bolder initiatives.
So much so that nowadays people from the Caribbean to the Pacific ask:
“Why do we swear allegiance to a monarch in London?”