On the occasion of the Independence Day of September 27, which is accepted as the official national holiday of Turkmenistan, events are organized throughout the country. In this context, concerts, exhibitions, theater plays and festivals are held.
Films about historical figures struggling for independence are broadcast on national television channels.
On the occasion of the 31st year of independence, fireworks shows are held throughout the country.
TBAREN INDEPENDENCE FROM 2018 GN DETERMINED AS 27 SEPTEMBER
In Turkmenistan, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, a referendum was held on October 26, 1991 under the name of “State Sovereignty of Turkmenistan”.
After 94 percent of the country’s population voted for independence in the referendum, on October 27, 1991, the law “On the Foundations of Turkmenistan’s Independence and State Structure” was adopted and 27 October was decided as the Independence Day of the Country.
Later, on October 9, 2017, the Law regarding the celebration of Independence Day was amended in the Constitution of Turkmenistan and the Independence Day was determined as 27 September as of 2018, and this date began to be celebrated.
Celebrating the 31st anniversary of its founding as an independent state, Turkmenistan is represented by the state motifs symbolizing the Turkmen tribes on a green ground and the Turkish flag, which is depicted with the five-star crescent symbolizing the five provinces of the country, the state coat of arms and the national anthem, which symbolizes the unity and solidarity of the people.
Trkmenistan, which is close to the Caspian Sea in the west and has an area of approximately 490,100 square kilometers, has neighborhood relations with Kazakhstan in the north, Uzbekistan in the east, Afghanistan in the south and Iran in the southwest.
PRINCIPLE IN THE FOREIGN POLICY
After Turkmenistan declared its independence, the country’s military doctrine included a policy of not interfering with other states and respecting their territorial integrity.
One of the main reasons why the country chose the path of permanent neutrality in foreign policy is due to its geopolitical situation. Assuming a bridge role between the East and the West in the fields of trade, transportation and logistics and the country’s great natural resources have initiated attempts to obtain the neutrality status in foreign policy.
Turkmenistan was declared a permanent neutral country on 12 December 1995, with the support of 185 countries.
NATURAL GAS AND OIL RICH
Being the first in the world in terms of natural gas reserves, Turkmenistan produced 83 billion cubic meters of natural gas in 2021, reaching the highest natural gas production level since the country’s independence. Trkmenistan, which is currently the largest natural gas supplier of Turkey, started to export gas to Azerbaijan as of 2021, as well as Russia.
While Turkmenistan is working on alternative pipeline projects in natural gas trade, it is planned to sell 33 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually in the future through the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPH) natural gas pipeline, which is currently under construction.
FIRST DESCRIPTION OF TURKEY: 2nd YZ AFTER THE RUSSIAN
Turkey became the first country to recognize the independence of Turkmenistan in 1991.
Diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on February 29, 1992, and Turkey was the first country to open an embassy in Akabat.
While commercial relations between Turkey and Turkmenistan are increasing rapidly, the trade volume, which exceeded 2 billion dollars in 2021, is expected to reach 5 billion dollars in the short term and 10 billion dollars in the long term.
Turkey draws attention as the second country in which Turkish companies operate the most after Russia.
It carries out comprehensive cooperation within the framework of two sister countries, regional and international organizations.