French physicist Alain Aspect, American theoretical and experimental physicist John F. Clauser, and Austrian quantum physicist Anton Zeilinger won the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on quantum mechanics.
At the press conference held at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, it was announced that the award was given to three scientists on the occasion of “experiments with entangled photons, the demonstration of the distortion of Bell inequalities and their pioneering in quantum information science”.
With these groundbreaking experiments, Aspect, Clauser and Zeilinger demonstrate the potential to control and probe entangled particles, the statement said.
THREE SCIENTISTS WON
The 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Japanese meteorologist and climatologist Syukuro Manabe, German oceanographer and climate modeler Klaus Hasselmann, and Italian theoretical physicist Giorgio Parisi.
Manabe and Hasselmann, who “make physical models of the Earth’s climate, accurately predict global warming and measure its variability,” reportedly “make a groundbreaking contribution to the understanding of complex systems.”
Parisi was also honored for his “discovery of the interplay of fluctuations and disorder in physical systems from the atomic to the planetary scale”.
The Nobel Prize in Physics was shared in 2020 between British mathematical physicist Roger Penrose, German astrophysicist Reinhard Genzel and American astronomer Andrea Ghez for their work contributing to the discovery of black holes.
Ghez became the fourth woman to win the award since 1901. She won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 by Marie Curie, in 1963 by Maria Goeppert-Mayer, and in 2018 by Dana Strickland.
In 2019, the award was given to Canadian physicist and theoretical cosmologist James Peebles, Swiss astrophysicist Michel Mayor and Swiss astronomer Didier Queloz “for their discoveries that help to understand the structure and history of the universe.”
The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded annually since 1901 to individuals who have made significant contributions to humanity in the field of physics.
The award was won by the famous German physicist Albert Einstein in 1921.
Lawrence Bragg, who analyzed the structures of crystals with the help of X-rays in 1915, shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with his father, William Henry Bragg, at the age of 25, and became the youngest physicist ever to win the prize.
Arthur Ashkin was also awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics at the age of 96, making him the oldest physicist ever to win this award.