Instruction given! The Turkish world will unite: Borders will change

With the liberation of Azerbaijan’s lands from occupation in the 2nd Karabakh War, a process that was expected to result in a future peace agreement between Armenia and Azerbaijan began.

The process is carried out bilaterally under the mediation of both Russia and the EU.

After the war, the first memorandum of understanding between the two countries was signed with the help of Russian President Vladimir Putin. Armenia, which committed to return the provinces of Kelbajar, Aghdam and Lachin to Azerbaijan in the tripartite declaration signed on November 10, 2020, has fulfilled these obligations.


In the declaration, there was a condition that a new road should be built instead of the Lachin corridor used by Armenians in Karabakh to cross into Armenia. Azerbaijan completed the road outside Lachin and demanded that Armenians and temporary Russian soldiers leave Lachin. Armenians left the region by burning the houses and trees there. On August 26, Lachin came under the control of Azerbaijan.

At the meeting of Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan with the participation of Putin on January 11, 2021 in Moscow, an agreement was reached on the re-establishment of transportation connections. Aliyev, Pashinyan and Putin, who met this time in Sochi on November 26, 2021, reviewed the issues that remained open regarding transportation connections.

While the negotiations under the mediation of Russia continued, with the intervention of the President of the European Council Charles Michel, the talks between Azerbaijan and Armenia began to be carried out both in Moscow and Brussels.

Aliyev and Pashinyan met 3 times in Brussels on 14 December 2020, 30 March and 22 May 2022, under the mediation of Michel. In these meetings, some agreements were reached on the starting of border determination commissions and the opening of transportation lines.


In the 4th meeting held on 31 August under the mediation of Michel, an agreement was reached on speeding up the work in order to get a result on the peace agreement. After the meeting, Aliyev and Pashinyan instructed the foreign ministers to meet within a month to work on the draft texts of the peace agreement.


The agreement signed after the 2nd Karabakh War included the opening of the Zangezur corridor, which will establish a highway connection between Nakhchivan and the west of Azerbaijan. This constitutes one of the most important items for the Baku administration and the region. Azerbaijan has reached the stage of completing the highway that will go up to the border with Armenia. Now the Baku administration is waiting for the Yerevan administration to do its part as required by the agreement. When the Zangezur Corridor opens, Central Asia and Turkey will be connected by road and rail. In addition, the process of determining the border between the two countries is in progress.

In his last meeting with the President of the European Council, Michel, Aliyev and Pashinyan, he reiterated his demand for the removal of restrictions on transportation.


Azerbaijan announced that a commission would be established to resolve the official border issue with Armenia, which became controversial after the 2nd Karabakh Victory. In this context, apart from the meeting process of the leaders of the two countries, talks between the delegations are also continuing. Delegations headed by Deputy Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Şahin Mustafayev and Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia Mher Grigoryan met in Moscow on 30 August. The Commission will hold its next meeting in Brussels in November.

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